• Karuna Sanghvi

Robert Gagne Demystified Steps 3-5



Step 3. – Stimulate recall of prerequisite learned capabilities and characteristics


Adult learners enter the learning process with prior knowledge. Some relearn to refresh prior knowledge, some to advance their learning.

With children also, there is always prior knowledge. For instance, children can do sums only if they have a prior knowledge of numbers. Children can do trigonometry only if they have a prior knowledge of variables and functions.


To test prior knowledge, an instructional designer can incorporate


1. Tests

2. Surveys

3. Checklists

In adaptive learning, this step can be effectively used to decide and design the learning path for the learner. After measuring the level, the student can be guided to the level of learning or ask to learn prerequisites. Such as coding basics to design and troubleshoot an app in java language.


Stimulating recall helps the learner to think about what they already know by retrieving and activating the stimulation.

It helps to understand and retain new information as the learner connects it to prior learning.



Step 4 - Presenting Stimulus Material


In 2019, VR is the best way to present engaging stimulus learning content. The content presentation plays an important role in stimulating learning.

Dry boring content to read only will require both a high level of motivation and need to learn factors.

Whereas a well presented stimulus creates an excitement for learning material as well as increases retention. It is important to use graphic and audio to enhance conceptual value, rather than just complement concept.

For instance, trigonometry taught with puzzles and interesting graphic or animated examples will lead to higher retention than reproducing textbook knowledge on screen.


Step 5 - Providing learner guidance


Learning takes place gradually. The entire concept cannot be presented as definition for learning understanding or retention.

The idea is to break down a concept and explain each part of it with examples and sufficient illustration to provide guidance for learning.

As an instructional designer, you need to encode information for long term storage.

For dry and corporate training, you can use scenarios and well-illustrated case studies to increase comprehension of learning material.

Scenario

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